Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine which typically occurs between the ages of 10 and 17 years of age. There are many paths one could embark on to treat the disorder, but the path depends a set of factors.
These factors are age at time of diagnosis, stage of skeletal maturity, and magnitude and pattern of curvature. These factors influence the rate of curvature progression, as well as deformity or morbidity later on in life.
There are three ways to treat Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) and they are observation, bracing and surgery. A doctor and patient decide together the best way to treat the problem. Generally, observation takes place until 30 degrees, bracing is usually for 30 to 40 degrees and while the skeleton is still growing, and finally surgery is saved for when the patient has stopped growing, the curves are 50 degrees or more.
So, the best treatment plan depends on many different factors and as a result there is not one go-to treatment plan to fit everyone.